Basically, governments have to choose between public health and the economy. This is, ultimately, the message of this Editorial in The Lancet:
So far, evidence suggests that the colossal public health efforts of the Chinese Government have saved thousands of lives. High-income countries, now facing their own outbreaks, must take reasoned risks and act more decisively. They must abandon their fears of the negative short-term public and economic consequences that may follow from restricting public freedoms as part of more assertive infection control measures.
Yep. And, above all, they must not copy the US